lördag, januari 08, 2011

Sveriges centrala roll för jihadismen

Trots att det varit sparsamt med islamistiska
våldsdåd här, så har Sverige länge spelat en
central roll i den islamistiska kampen mot
som etablerade sig här redan på 90-talet har
efterhand Al Qaeda lyckats samla grupperna.
Det berättar Foreign Policy i en intressant

Al Qaeda in Iraq´s

Swedisk Connections

A surprising number of Swedes

have traveled to Iraq to partici-

pate in jihad. The most important

of those was Abu Qaswara al-Maghribi

(Mohamed Moumou), a Morroccan-

born Swedish citizen that was the ISI's

operational chief in Mosul before his

death in October 2008. As a result

of his control over the primary jihadi

entry points to Iraq, Abu Qaswara

was responsible for the ISI's external

networks, which focused on the

importation of fighters from abroad.

Before joining al-Qaeda's operation in

Iraq, Abu Qaswara was a fixture at

Stockholm's Brandbergen mosque

during the 1990s (where he wrote

articles on Algeria for jihadi publi-

cations) and trained at the Khalden

camp in Afghanistan.


Although the details are unclear, Abu

Qaswara may have been running a

wide-ranging network outside of

Iraq during his tenure as Emir in

Mosul. In 2007, a Moroccan court

convicted another Swedish citizen

of Moroccan origin, Ahmed Essafri,

for leading a network funneling

fighters to Iraq. Essafri traveled

frequently between Sweden and

Morocco and was questioned exten-

sively about Abu Qaswara during

his detention. Moreover, during

Abu Qaswara's tenure the ISI

was linked to attacks in Europe,

most notably the ill-fated effort

by two men in Britain, including

a British-born Muslim of Iraqi

descent, to detonate crude

bombs at a London nightclub

and at the Glasgow airport.


Abu Qaswara was not the only

Swede to make the journey to

Iraq for jihad. On November 18,

2010 a Swedish citizen committed

a suicide bombing in Iraq whose

biography resembles Makram Bin

Salem Al-Majri, a Swedish fighter

that first arrived in Iraq in early 2007.

The men were both described as

having been born in 1974 and

as having traveled through Egypt

to Iraq. (Ironically, al-Majri's ISI

personnel file requests that his

wife not be contacted by ISI

authorities, but she was apparently

called by ISI personnel after his

death.) Although al-Majri may

have spent three consecutive

years in Iraq fighting, the duration

raises the question of whether he

traveled in and out of Iraq during

that period-a process that would

have been similar to that under-

taken by al-Abdaly if he indeed

traveled to Iraq for jihad.


Läs hela artikeln